Kalan biryani – South Indian, one-pot mushroom biryani

kalan biryani, one-pot mushroom biryani, south indian biryani

Biryani is the one pot, super flavourful recipe that is the epitome of Indian cuisine. Based on regional availabilities of spices, local cuisine favourites various styles of biryanis developed in India.

South Indian biryani varieties.

With a Persian origin, the biryani travelled a long way to the Indian subcontinent through the traders and rulers. As it rolled out to the Southern part of India,  the layered biryani transformed into a one-pot , masala infused meal. Based on regional availabilities of spices, tenderness and rice variety there is a divergent evolution to the South Indian biryani .
There are a few varieties of famous South Indian biryani. Here are some of their unique features, ultimately it all results in taste for which each caters to its patrons.
Thalasherry biryani- cooked with Jeerakashala rice ( or Khyma), this biryani is not very spicy. Its characteristic feature is the ghee roasted onions, nuts and raisins to top off the exotic fragrance from the rice.
Hyderabadi biryani- aromatic and spicy the is a classic biryani made in Nawabi cuisine style. Cooked in dum, the slow-cooked biryani uses saffron and other exotic spices.
Chettinad biryani -this biryani style not only uses whole spices but also tomatoes, yogurt or coconut milk to attain a soft texture.
Beary biryani or sultana biryani- the Mangalore style, not so spicy biryani has the characteristic flavour of fennel, poppy seeds,  coconut and spiced by green chillies. (Try this slightly adapted Beary style jackfruit biryani)
Dindigul biryani or thalapakjatu biryani– Fragrant with mace,  stone flower this is made with jeeraka sampa rice. This is a favourite among Tamilnadu biryanis.
I am sure you will come across more varieties of South Indian biryani. There are plenty of regional variations possible. Today, we have attempted a Chettinad style Kalan biryani.

What mushroom to use in one-pot mushroom biryani?

Kalan or mushrooms are a simple solution to a vegetarian version of the meat dominant biryani. Typically, button mushrooms are used for this style of biryani. However, Dutch mushrooms and cremini mushrooms taste equally good in this too. Simenji mushroom is not really suitable here as it tends to break down with this long time of cooking. You could however try oyster mushrooms as big pieces to see if they will hold up. You certainly don’t want to use Enoki for this recipe.
Whichever mushroom you choose, it takes up the spices really well as mushrooms are like a blank canvas.

What rice is best for Kalan biryani?

Jeeraka sambha rice (jeeraka shala) is the best to make this Chettinad style one-pot mushroom biryani. This is a short-grain rice, in fact, tiny grain of rice. The grain holds shape and absorbs a lot more water to cook than basmati rice. There is a unique fragrance that is characteristic to this rice that adds to the flavour of the Chettinad biryani.
If you don’t find jeeraka samba rice, use the familiar aged basmati rice to make this one-pot mushroom biryani.

south Indian biryani with button mushrooms.

Kalan biryani

Kalan biryani is a one pot mushroom biryani thatnis perfct as a main meal with sides to choose from.
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 20 minutes
soaking the rice 10 minutes
Total Time 50 minutes
Course Main Dish
Cuisine gluten free, Indian, instant pot, One pot, Pressure cooker, South indian
Servings 4 people


  • Pressure cooker


For the Spice powder

  • 5-6 pieces cinnamon stick ( about an inch long pieces)
  • 4 pieces green cardamom
  • 3 cloves

For the masala base

  • 3 tablespoon cooking oil
  • 1 small bay leaf
  • 4-5 cloves garlic
  • 1 large red onion
  • 1 large Tomato
  • 1 green chilli
  • 1/2 inch fresh ginger root
  • 1 tbsp salt ( you may need to adjust this to your taste)
  • 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1 tsp red chili powder ( reduce if you prefer a milder heat)
  • 1 handful coriander leaves
  • 1 handful mint leaves
  • 1/2 cup fresh yogurt
  • 3 cups Mushroom Use button mushroom

For soaking the rice

  • 1.5 cups rice check recipe notes.
  • 2 cups drinking water


For the spice mix

  • Roast the ingredients for the spice mix on a low heat.
  • Once they turn aromatic, remove from heat.
  • Let it cool and powder into a fine mix.

Soak the rice

  • Wash and soak the rice in two cups of drinking water for 10 minutes.

Prep the vegetables

  • Clean and slice the onions, garlic, ginger, chilli and tomatoes.
  • Clean the mushrooms with a damp cloth.
  • Slice the mushrooms into halves or into fours.
  • Clean the coriander and the mint and set that aside.
    vegetables for Mushroom biryani.

To make the mushroom biryani

  • Into the pressure cooker, add the oil and add the bay leaf to it.
  • After a minute and the oil heated up, add the garlic,green chilli, cloves and ginger.
    saute onions.
  • Saute till the onion is translucent, now add the tomatoes.
  • Add the spice mix you prepared, with turmeric, salt and chilli powder.
    masala ix for biryani.
  • Add the mushrooms and saute them for a minute.
    mushroom biryani base
  • Now, add the coriander, mint and yogurt and mix the masala base well.
  • Add the soaked rice with the water ( if basmathi remove 1 cup of the water for soaking).
    mushroom biryani base.
  • Close the pressure cooker and cook for 10 minutes on low pressure.
  • Once natural pressure released open the cooker and fluff the rice.
    mushroom biryani
  • Transfer the rice to a serving bowl and enjoy warm.
    south Indian biryani with button mushrooms.


If using Jeeraka samba rice, two cups of water are needed to cook the rice. 
If you are using basmati, after soaking, remove 1 cup of water and use only the rest. Otherwise, the rice will be soggy.
Keyword Indian vegetarian dinner, Lunch recipes
Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!

Can I freeze it?

The rice will stay well upon freezing and thaws well. Yet, I will not recommend to freeze this mushroom biryani. This is because the mushroom turns leathery upon freezing and thawing. It is not a very pleasing experience.

What to serve it with?

There are a variety of accompaniments that you can try with this biryani.
Sheek kebab -kebabs and biryanis go so well together. So try them together.
Masala papad– as a starter to the brunch platter. The sprout based salad on the peppery papad makes the crunchy add to add to the platter.
Pomelo raita or mixed vegetable raita – the spicy masala of the biryanis are cooled off with a yogurt-based raita salad.
Biryani achar- the sweet and spicy dates and beet achar that is characteristic of the Thalserry biryani works well with this Kalan biryani too.
Mango lassi or strawberry lassi – cool off with a sweet mango or strawberry lassi.
Hope you have fun with making a Sunday biryani treat like us. For us, all the small joys are celebrated with home-style biryanis.

Linking this up

My partner for this month’s Shh cooking secretly challenge was Aruna from Vasus Veg Kitchen. You should check Arunas blog spicy Andhra style recipes, especially the Rayalseema style bittergourd fry.

shh cooking secretly

For the theme of Exotic biryanis and pulaos suggested by Swathy,  Aruna chose secret ingredients for me – Yogurt and mint. Since the yogurt leaned much towards the Chettinad style of biryani, We decided to follow that route.  Hope you enjoy making this recipe as much as we do make it a Sunday practice. Hope you will stay by and subscribe to our website. Tag us, @mildlyindian or #mildlyindiankitchen when you impress your family and post images on socials.

See you at the next post. 

chettinad kalan biryani


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Priya vj
2 years ago
Rating :

Hubby is a die hard fan of biryanis and can eat sleep dream about birynis. To.add up to it he loves mushrooms and this chetjnaad style biryani wil be a hit with him

Preeti Shridhar
2 years ago
Rating :

Loved the detailed not on different Biryanis. Kalan Biryani , with so many different spices flavoring it, sounds delicious. Mushroom is a great choice to replace meat in Biryani.

2 years ago
Rating :

Good to know that button mushrooms will go well as we get that in abundant here and in this biryani it is looking super tempting. I would love to try this and loved to read the different varieties of this.

The Girl Next Door
2 years ago
Rating :

We love mushroom biryani at home, and your Chettinad version is absolutely fascinating. Love that this is a one-pot dish that can be easily put together. I’ll definitely be trying this out shortly.

Shobha Keshwani
2 years ago
Rating :

I love mushrooms and this pulao looks so delicious. This is going to be a part of my menu this weekened.

Mayuri Patel
2 years ago
Rating :

I’m a huge fan of anything with mushrooms and this kalan biryani is for sure a must try out recipe. The colour of the biryani is just like the non veg versions.

2 years ago
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I love mushrooms and will to try this lipsmacking biryani. sounds so easy to make and so flavourful.. Thanks for suggesting what type mushrooms can be used in the recipe. Wonderful share.

Bachhav Poonam
2 years ago
Rating :

We love mushrooms and I do make mushroom pulao often. I liked your South Indian version with curd. Would love giving it a try.

Anu Kollon
2 years ago

This mushroom biriyani looks so aromatic. I make this very often and my family loves it. I always tried with cremini variety but never tried with the button mushrooms. Next time I will try making this version.

2 years ago
Rating :

South Indian kalan biryani looks super exotic, tasty and very inviting. Just need some raita and papads to enjoy this biryani. Bookmarking this recipe to try soon.

Sujata Roy
2 years ago

Kalan biryani with mushrooms looks so tempting. My kids love mushroom so saving this recipe to try. This spicy delicious biryani is perfect one pot meal for vegetarian people.

2 years ago
Rating :

South Indian styled Kalan Biryani looks scrumptious. Even I made mushroom Biryani but slightly different. Would love to make this yummy Biryani for my boys who are Biryani fans.

Jayashree T.Rao
2 years ago
Rating :

Kalan biryani looks delicious Seema. I am not a big fan of mushroom, would love to substitute with paneer in it.

2 years ago
Rating :

the husband man and the kids love mushroom. will pass this recipe to the H to try this flavourful biryani , Seema 🙂

2 years ago

Mushroom biryani is so favorite for my kids and I end up making them once in 10 days and always lookout to try some different ways. Will try your Chettinad style of making this weekend. Thanks for sharing this delicious recipe.

Sasmita Sahoo
2 years ago
Rating :

Mushroom is all time fav in the veg category. And this biryani in the Chettinad version sounds absolutely fascinating Seema. Love this one-pot dish…..

Jo Khenier
Jo Khenier
2 years ago
Rating :

This is brilliant cooking. I have mushroom biryani hot off the instantpot and I can’t wait to dig in. So good. Your website is so easy to follow.

Rafeeda - The Big Sweet Tooth
2 years ago

I love the texture of mushrooms and biriyani is one of the best ways to enjoy it… The recipe is really easy and very flavorful too, especially with all the sides you mention, it would be a feast fit for a king…

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